Producers and Consumers…

What happens when consumers become producers?

One of the reasons for writing on this blog has been my fascination with the interaction of various “things” with each other.  As all of this is based upon the concept of “System Thinking” where we see various “loops” which interact with each other and the speed of which drive the loops to a point where they (may) eventually become “viral”.  Hence the name “The Viral Loop” where for the sake of discussion I’ve broken things down into three basic “interacting” loops being, “Life” which takes us to “Leadership” and drives the “Economics” which takes us back to yes “Life”.

However the idea today isn’t to wax about the name of this blog, however wanted to talk about the idea of “Producers” and “Consumers”, as what has me thinking about this?  Well I was listening to a podcast where the hosts were driving their audience to be frugal “Producers” which struck me as problematic.  As without “consumers”, why should we have “producers” as there will be no one to “consume”.  As yes, yes I get the idea that everyone who is a consumer must be at some level also be a producer to earn income in order to consume.

Yet this is the reason for waxing in the first paragraph about loops as I want to keep this high level (rather than go into all the internal recursive supporting loops as the end game would be the same anyway) as this will help us understand the basics of what we are dealing with.

As think about it this way, if everyone were to go to college, graduated with a degree and got a white collared job, who would then pick up your trash?  If your trash isn’t collected, what will happen next within the loop?  In short you get the idea as we need all the pieces to make things work, and therefore we need hard lines between [the roles of] producers and consumers to keep the system running.  However what happens when this breaks down?

As in the past we’ve waxed on the topic of the pro-summer movement where people want to “produce” as well as “consume”, however this is an act of dilution.  As here your no longer buying “complete” [product], therefore you are no longer being paid in “complete” terms either as you’ve now traded off “value”.  For example if you were to sew your own clothes, then someone would not be paid to sew them for you and in turn you somewhere down the way would earn less as someone would take from you also.

With this said, what will this mean for us who have set historical ideas of how the world works as the lines between hobby and profession blur?  As it’s here where I wonder where the bottom is or if there is even a bottom to this or is this a paradigm which is set to stay and the effects of erosion upon social effluence are simply part of our new world order as with the “greening” of Greenland which is something we simply will accept…

Paper, Plastic. And Your Charge Card…

The "gatherer" becomes the "hunted"...

Is nothing safe anymore as seems that criminals have even hacked the credit card readers at self-checkout lanes in more than 20 supermarkets of a Californian (where else) chain operator.  As this “hack” has allowed the “Perps”  to steal money from shoppers who swiped their cards in the unknowingly bastardized  machines. As the chain involved and name (insert humor here) implies, Lucky Supermarkets, which is part of the larger  “Save Mart” family of stores has now decided to start inspecting the rest of its over 234 stores located throughout California and northern Nevada.  In additional  and rightfully so too are urging their customers who might used self-checkout lanes to close their  credit card accounts.

It appears the hack was hardware based and discovered on November 11, when an employee performing routine maintenance on a self-checkout machine  where they discovered an extra computer board which had been placed inside the checkout machine, and was recording customers financial information.  Now there wasn’t a lot of information on how the “Perps” were getting the information off the added board.  However one could guess that it was via modem as those nice devices have one built in typically for card verification.

You may also be wondering why I brought this up, as while interesting consumer news fodder it struck me as making a good point. As here in the past we’ve waxed about the (false) concept of privacy and in fact it was only the cost of breaching it and the “fact” of technology only provides the cheaper cost and not the means.  As the “means” is in fact created by we the people as in our “need” to “gather” or collect information which is most likely driven by the anthropological need “to gather”.

On the other side we have the “hunter” who instead of passively “gathering” what’s presented, actively and forcefully seeks their prey.  Here it’s the combination of the two which forms the driver as while you may legislate rules upon the “gatherer” as to what they will gather.  You will not be able to do the same with the “hunter”, therefore whatever the gatherer fails to full-fill the hunter will assuredly pick up.  As the analogous lines to be drawn from this story is the stores normal operation act as the “gatherer, while the rogue activity is the “hunter”.

The key take away from all of this is we all, whether we like it or not live on a public stage and the only difference is  if someone decides to watch our show or not…

It’s All Subtractive Isn’t It…

When you think about it, the idea of 3d printing just "adds" up...

Well that’s the way it always seems as someone wants something as they just want to take rather than give to us, yet that’s not the subject today but close.  As what we are going to wax about is the coming paradigm shift in manufacturing and what it means as well as how it will affect us.

As in what we consider a traditional process we utilize a “subtractive” manufacturing technique such as cutting and drilling where we start with a whole and take away from it.  The byproduct of this logic is what?  Ok, I will help you out, its waste as the remainders of these subtractive process is “waste”, as shavings, cuttings, grinding and so on to be discarded.  So we have environmental impact as well as financial as why throw away raw material?

Well in steps our friends at General Electric (GE) into the picture which we all know as a large American conglomerate, who is proposing to manufacture ultrasonic transducers by “additive” manufacturing processes rather than the aforementioned “subtractive” process.

So how will they do this then, well not magic yet something almost as cool because they will use three-dimensional printing, as it’s commonly known.  As the firm’s research centre located in Niskayuna, New York, is taking a solid look at the technology available.  While some nay sayers claim this to be only a passing fad (I think these are the same folks who said the same about the internet) while others (such as myself) see this as the future of manufacturing.  As the key is working out which products might be made more efficiently by the application of “addition” rather than “subtraction”.

What is adding to the excitement is this provides the set for major shift in the manufacturing paradigm the likes we haven’t seen since the boom of the industrial revolution.  As having less or even no waste means reduced logistics in raw material, a smaller manufacturing foot print, quicker assembly (build times) as well of course, less waste products.  While there is no question most of this technology is in its infancy stages and in the primary hands of the prototyper’s.

Yet this move GE making  is an important one from not only the technology, it’s the acceptance of doing as such as it was much like ink-jet printed images where taboo in the photo-art community, so has been the result of 3D printing.  However it’s clear that this [old] thinking will be changing sooner than later as it seems we are reaching a tipping point of acceptance just as the photographic world has done with the ink jet printer…

The Euro No More…

The reason paper money is better then coinage is its easier to print more of faster..

While not yet, however I’ve been watching the plight of the Euro extra closely over the past week especially as I sit here in the Haag as the recent S&P move is an interesting one at that.   As can imagine two outcomes surfacing over the next couple months in the Euro-Stricken regions as one of the easiest options might be a plan for the creditor nations to subsidize their less fortunate neighbors, ouch you say as it smacks of socialism and what about fixing the problem (spending which got them here).  Yet another option would involve a break-up of the whole region (credit wise), in which case Germany and the Netherlands (both of which are loaded) would keep their rating while the others would follow Greece into the sink hole of junk status.

The key is the reasoning which  S&P has put forward which seems to be based on a short-term economic view as it cites five factors:

(1) Tightening credit conditions across the eurozone;
(2) Markedly higher risk premiums on a growing number of eurozone sovereigns, including some that are currently rated ‘AAA’;
(3) Continuing disagreements among European policy makers on how to tackle the immediate market confidence crisis and, longer term, how to ensure greater economic, financial, and fiscal convergence among eurozone members;
(4) High levels of government and household indebtedness across a large area of the eurozone; and
(5) The rising risk of economic recession in the eurozone as a whole in 2012. Currently, we expect output to decline next year in countries such as Spain,Portugal and Greece, but we now assign a 40% probability of a fall in output
for the eurozone as a whole.

When I read these it was a clear case that the eurozone is set in a damned if it does, and damned if it doesn’t position. As first off there seems to be no plans by the debtor nations to act in reducing their debts so the result will be a forced (credit) downgrade.  Then on top of this, as [forced] austerity plans kick in, economic growth will also be negatively impacted and again result in a [further] downgrade too.

As what is clear, there have been too many claims created on wealth in the form of debt which simply cannot be satisfied. In turn this leaves us only two options and neither of which “are” feel good ones as debts will either be defaulted on, or in second place the favored method of the United States, inflated away (let’s just print more money).  As we in America (which have contributed to this recent bail out by currency devaluation) need to pay attention as we have been slapped by S&P and not as hard as we should have.

As one of the points I’ve highlighted above from the S&P comment has to do with the high amount of indebtedness which are facing both governments and families.  As waxed here before, in our shiny new global economic model, currency is not flowing back to it origin as it has in the smaller loop regional or national models.  This in turn is leading for many to the only option (2 above) in the printing of more currency as key economic ability of any country is to one “print money” and two “levy tax”.  Here the later only works if the first is existent. Yet without it (money), it becomes a one horse race with the only option to print more…

My Kingdom for More Memory…

The future of storage...

As we all know from our Shakespearean readings that in the play, “Richard the III” we find that our hero “Richard” is soon unhorsed on the field at the climax of the battle!  Here he cries out, “A horse, a horse, my kingdom for a horse!”, yet Richmond dispatches (kills) Richard in the final duel which leads to his subsequent rise to the throne as Henry VII.

Stealing away with this, it’s clear that all kingdoms in the future will be based upon memory as the rate of information growth is exponential and top of this portability is key.  As here I’ve waxed in past posts about new technology including the memsitor.

Yet today what caught my eye was an announcement by Intel and Micron’s joint venture IMFT that it has produced a 128Gb die. Alright, 128 Gb is pretty good sized as the top of line (size wise) jump drive or USB stick is around 32 Gb.  As here a package combining eight such “dies” together will be small enough to fit on a fingertip and achieve this jump in storage up to 128GB in capacity and devices using the new dies are likely to start shipping as soon as 2013.

So how did they do this?  Well it wasn’t magic pixie dust as most think; instead it’s a 20nm die which is amazing.  As we’ve waxed here before about the use of multi-level cell (MLC) technology in a prior post.  As with MLC, each individual flash cell which is the smallest flash unit, responsible for storing just a single value can be set to one of several different values—in most cases, four different values.  This in turn creates the equivalent to two bits which allows MLC to support greater data density.  So far the only downside in the first gen chips is the MLC designed flash can typically withstand only a few thousand erasures, whereas [regular] SLC can tolerate tens of thousands.

However when the chips using the new 20 nm dies do hit the market, they should allow  standard 2.5″ drives to reach  up to 2 TB, and the smaller memory stick format which is used in both Ultrabooks and the MacBook Air to hold up to 1 TB.  Just imagine a 1 TB iPad, this amount of portable data will be a game changer.

Can’t seem to wait, well you are not alone as we will get the first taste much sooner in that IMFT has also announced that it had started mass production of a smaller 64Gb 20nm die and should be out in consumer products in 2012…

Hint:  The more available memory, the greater the need for content to fill as Campbell’s axiom says content will always grow to fill the memory which exists to contain it…

Uncle “Bill’’ Wants You…

Welcome to my parlor said the spider to the fly...

Yes I know technically its Steve Ballmer that’s running Microsoft while Uncle Bill has decided to step back and spend some of his money.  Yet you know he’s still there and Uncle Bill for some reason in the title sounded better than Uncle Steve.  In addition it could be more true to call out Bill when you’re writing a post on world domination either as with Bill, yea I can see him taking over the world, Steve on the other hand, well let’s say I still can’t get that video of him on stage screaming for what seemed like three hours out of my head.

However long [years] ago, there was this show on the Discovery Channel about the creation of the Microsoft Xbox and near the start, there was a Microsoft executive who was in charge of the project say “Microsoft wants to take over your set top”.  In short, they want control of you (as most media companies do), via the “media” you consume.  To do this, Microsoft has now laid out their grand plan to transform that humble Xbox 360 into a “mega media hub” for everything from watching television shows, movies, games and music this year.

To achieve this, they will launch a new dashboard update which will bring to the populace the ability to use the amazing “Kinect” interface to search for content across all your services which are connected to your system [as you want them all connected right?].  Also the Redmond juggernaut isn’t planning on stopping here [why when you’re on a roll right] as will also add Microsoft’s digital storefronts on Xbox Live as well as live television too.

Ok, you say ho hum slow news day and this is just more digital fodder right?  Well that’s what I thought too when I read the story, however it hit me afterwards and had to come back to it as it was one word which I over looked the first time around.  Yes that one word, what was it, oh yes its “Kinect” their new hit interface, you know kind of like Apple’s Siri?  Aah do you get it now, well if not and your still stuck watching Dallas reruns, let me help you out a bit.

In short the world is changing and changing fast in the way we interact with machines, and what is amazing is just how fast the adoption rate has been.  As Apple has brought this power to our hand-sets, Microsoft plans on placing it in our living rooms.  This in short will mean a huge coming paradigm shift in the way we interact with our world and especially the digital one.  As the coming technological conversion of sorts will be focused on removing technology from just being “technology” to simply being a part of our life’s.  As a keyboard and mouse, who needs them when I can “touch”, “talk too” and “physically interact” with it [technology] via my movement…

That Internet Fad Thing Again…

The magic is in the "domain name" and not the bottle...

Well it seems that after a number  of what appears to have been one-sided hearings, the luxury goods maker Chanel was awarded a  win in a recent court order lodged against hundreds of websites trafficking what appear to be “counterfeit luxury goods”. As a federal judge in Nevada has agreed with Chanel that they may “seize” the domain names listed in the suit and then transfer them all to a US-based registrar (GoDaddy in this case). However where it gets even more fun is that the judge also ordered “all Internet search engines” and “all social media websites” to “de-index” the domain names and  further more they must be remove from any future search results.  Also if the implicit nature of the statement wasn’t enough, he also explicitly named Facebook, Twitter, Google+, Bing, Yahoo, and Google directly.

Concerning counterfeiting, this has been an interesting suit as Chanel has filed a joint suit in Nevada naming nearly 700 domain names which appear to have nothing in common. Also, as Chanel finds more domain  names it feels doing the same, it simply uses the same case and files new requests for yet more seizures which means that none have had a chance to contest the request until after it was approved and the names have been seized.

As all this redirect stuff maybe one thing however, a total ban on search engine indexing was also ordered too.  As it’s here were it gets interesting as how does one comply and even the question beg should they?  As a search engine only represents what it finds to a user request, it does not curate, or authenticate the claims of what they report.  It also good to note that neither Bing nor Google appears to have complied with the court order as of yet and my hope would be they would push back (legally) on the topic.

As what the judge also seems to have missed from his ruling is any consideration of the Internet’s global nature.  Here, the judge failed to show an awareness that the domains which were brought into question may not even be registered in the United States.  Additionally, his ban on search engine and social media indexing appears to extend to the entire world (wow talk about power, at least perceived power).

While it’s understandable for Chanel to want to protect its business interests, there is also the concept of due process which should match the task at hand.  In addition, this also highlights a coming challenge which is here today and that is a global based consumer economy which will bring a whole different set of rules which we just aren’t ready for…

The End of e-Mail, I Doubt It…

It was once "no soup for you" however its now "no e-mail for you"...

Want to hear something sort of crazy, it appears Atos a large IT services firm located in Europe, is doing away with its internal e-mail.  As their CEO, Thierry Breton says that only 15 percent of the 200 e-mails his staff receives on average are valuable.  Ok, if they are only getting 200 mails they are sand bagging because that “ain’t nothing” in the real world.  Thierry also goes on to say that his staff is wasting somewhere between 5 and 20 hours a week handling e-mail.  Ok, that sounds like those figures surely have some statistical backing behind them (not).

So what does he plan to use Instead of e-mail, as no its not tin foil hats as he wants his staff to use instant messaging and other chat-like communications media.  As Breton himself openly claims not to have sent a work e-mail for three years.  He believes and has been vocal in saying that if staffs want to communicate with him they can visit his office, call, or send a text message.  As to quote the 56-year-old CEO he says, “e-mails cannot replace the spoken word.”  Well can it is a good question as the spoken word does carry tone which an email doesn’t, however neither does instant messaging either so where is the logic?

Also talk about an interruption based mean of messaging, so the phone rings you have to stop everything to answer and if you don’t the colleagues with the question or reply must personally queue and hope to remember at a later time to retry their attempt at communication and if this isn’t a recipe for delay and disaster, not sure what is.

On top of this, even with a switch away from e-mail for internal communication may be one thing however, communication outside the company will still use e-mail, therefore staff will still have to do e-mail and still be vulnerable to e-mail-based interruptions. So again, I seem to be missing the logic here.

Then there is also solid research (unlike Breton guess-statistics above) which suggests that instant messaging (which I personally find more disruptive then mail) and phone calls are just as disruptive to personal productivity as e-mail. As one has to ask if the problem is really e-mail;  as the true issue if I were betting man is that eighty-five percent of Atos’ internal mail maybe worthless.  In fact this is somewhat normal as there is a lot of research which says our “normal” communication is filled with “noise”.  So the act of ditching internal mail won’t mean that employees will be more productive in communication.  It simply means they find other ways, to fill time with unproductive communications.  As switching from one form of evil (as in interruption) to yet another mode won’t solve the problem.

Oh and Breton 200 mails, and his decision to abandon internal e-mail might be easier than for most. As want do you want to bet that Breton has an admin…

Uncle Sam, Tear Down Those Data Caps…

Ask not what Uncle Sam can do for your internet, as its just a passing fad...

It appears that our ISP (Internet service Providers)  are arguing their need to impose monthly data caps on us is justified as it seems there might be some  bandwidth hogs running wild like feral pigs on an episode of American Hoggers (no relation thankfully, at least I hope so).  As here our ISP friends are pointing out that these “pigs” are using their “data tusks” to  gore the living “data” out of us “ordinary users” who just want some quality Facebook time (is that even possible?) after spending a hard day in the salt mines (i.e. working from home) .

Yet is this concept really fact or maybe better put a work of fiction in that a monthly quota will drive us working stiffs to reduce the amount of network congestion during peak hours. No question it’s one of those things which make you go Hmmmm…   As in “fact” there is a piece of new research which supports the idea that this is a wet dream on the part of the ISP brain trust as Benoît Felten the chief research officer for Diffraction Analysis  writes “Our analysis confirms that data consumption is at best a poor proxy for bandwidth usage,”.  As about two years ago, both Felten and Herman Wagter issued a challenge to Internet providers: SHOW US THE BEEF (Ops meant to say “show us the evidence”).

To make a long story short, seems a midsized DSL provider came forward with their data over the course of a single day from one link which served 5,138 users. Its here the dynamic duo of Felten and Wagter went to work strapping on their statistical utility belt and crunched the daily data consumption down into five-minute increments and what did they find you ask?  Well I hope you won’t be surprised when I tell you they found “48 percent of active Internet customers “are amongst the top 10 percent of bandwidth users at one point or another during peak hours.” Controlling real-time congestion by going after just a few high-data monthly users, then, is unlikely to be effective”.

The point here is that data caps harm, and they harm everyone as while there is a valid argument that (in the United States) companies operate in a capitalistic environment and therefore companies need recover costs.  Agreed, however since the government’s role is to support the people which includes making them “attractably” employable as well as promoting commerce.  One will find the openness of the internet key, as the government is in the business (like it or not) of subsidies and legislation.  Just look at the fast food industry, all basically 100% subsidized as why do you think a Big Mac is so cheap.

As its here with cloud services, streaming music, cable cutting and the death of the DVD that the down load cap will hamper the economy.  As more and more people work from home (both my wife and I do as an example) the need (importance) for the internet rise as both of productivity is now linked to the net.  Second is the death of media as look at Apple, no more DVD.  So how to you buy software and get updates, yes over the internet.  Then there is Netflix, as in so long DVD and hello streaming!  Content and not hardware is the key to the coming decade and we are letting big brother limit us to a kinked straw when we need to have a garden hose…

Power To The People…

Eye sore or icon, as these prickly porcupines like it or not are our new electronic demigods...

As what caught my attention is a  team of researchers with funding from (interesting enough) the Finnish government has managed to develop a technology which  could cut the power consumption used by 3G smartphones by up to 74 percent.  This in turn would mean the extension of services which would include wireless Internet to millions of people residing in developing countries. Here the system is proxy based and uses a system similar to the workaround employed  by Skyfire  to be able to run Flash sites on iPhones, (it’s amazing the one “disruptive” act Steve Jobs did in saying no to Flash has brought with it many add on benefits which is amazing) .

The research was performed at Finland’s Aalto University,  and the research team presented their results at the Africomm 2011 Conference on Telecommunications Infrastructure in Africa. As here is what is interesting is they designed the system with the needs of Africa in mind, and in fact  based their use case testing on data collected from the cellular networks in Tanzania, Uganda, and Kenya.

As the adoption of broadband wireless Internet in East Africa has been hampered  by the power consumption issues in the  accessing and downloading of data even while 90 percent of the population in the region lives within the coverage radius of a cellular network.  However the problem is one of power as few in this region have access to reliable sources of electricity. This is where increasing the battery life of low-cost wireless devices, the researchers from Aalto theorized, Internet access could be brought to a much larger percentage of the population base in those countries.

The interesting thing about this system is twofold, as system uses a combination of enhanced Web proxy servers coupled with highly optimized communications between the smartphone and the proxy. The important piece of this puzzle is the proxies don’t have to be part of the cellular network,  as they can be run in the cloud anywhere in the world, and used by smartphones also anywhere in the world.  So what are the two parts to this you be asking yourself?

As the first part of the puzzle is the “cloud” as this is one of the first true signs of a “value” rather than a “cost savings” proposition brought forward by this new paradigm. So no longer is it about just doing the ole for less money, however its now about doing something new.  Second as while this is targeted at Africa, its value proposition is also global in abilities, as this would include other impoverished nations as well as the developed world too.  As in the later example, just think of how many more devices we can embed this  [low power] technology into that we couldn’t in the past.

In short summary, this advancement will allow a significant number of people to join the world wide discussion who were never a part of it before, enabling us as homospaiens to truly become one community with one connected voice…

Slings and Arrows…

Something so simple, yet so patent-able...

Well we won’t wax so much about the later as in arrows, as its the sling which has my interest today as hey!  We all know what a sling is as well as the action of “slinging” right?  Assuredly as a kid you would sling something over your shoulder, maybe a backpack, a BB gun or even a camera as it’s just a natural action, no biggie right?

Well guess what, you’re violating a US patent in doing this as a maker of a camera strap has been recently awarded a patent for this so guess what you won’t be seeing a lot anymore?  If you guessed camera slings your right as they just put everyone else out of business.

Also don’t get me wrong, as protecting ones investment in R&D is a reasonable ask, yet the discovery or implementation must be unique.  Otherwise it is considered “prior art” and not subject to patent protection, so how could something like happen where there is clearly prior art in place?  Well if you find out please let me know too as this is just plain crazy, yet this is a good example of the failing of the entire patent system which I have an issue with.

As for economic growth to take place, one has to be able to perform an “economic activity” which creates “value” such as in manufacturing camera slings.  Second, since we operate in a capitalistic market place, competition is key to control price and drive affordability.  It is here that the current patent laws which are undermining our ability to grow our economy as it has grown to broad in nature and in power.  As just think of the commercial power which is wheeled by the US Patent Office, as while it may appear to be an obscure governmental organization.  It in fact has the power to make or break the US Economy as well as that for most of the free world.

As please keep in mind this is only one example of the failures of the system, and its also worth keeping in mind that “averaging” doesn’t apply as in most cases where for each failure, one missed equals out.  As the original intent of the patent system was never to create monopolies, instead it was to encourage investment and growth.  However in its current state, if there is one thing Mr. Obama could do to spur “job growth”, it would be to force an over haul of the current patent system stricter rules, as well as liberalizing the basis and application of prior art, as it can’t get any simpler then this…

Slings and Arrows…

Something so simple, yet so patent-able...

Well we won’t wax so much about the later as in arrows, as its the sling which has my interest today as hey!  We all know what a sling is as well as the action of “slinging” right?  Assuredly as a kid you would sling something over your shoulder, maybe a backpack, a BB gun or even a camera as it’s just a natural action, no biggie right?

Well guess what, you’re violating a US patent in doing this as a maker of a camera strap has been recently awarded a patent for this so guess what you won’t be seeing a lot anymore?  If you guessed camera slings your right as they just put everyone else out of business.

Also don’t get me wrong, as protecting ones investment in R&D is a reasonable ask, yet the discovery or implementation must be unique.  Otherwise it is considered “prior art” and not subject to patent protection, so how could something like happen where there is clearly prior art in place?  Well if you find out please let me know too as this is just plain crazy, yet this is a good example of the failing of the entire patent system which I have an issue with.

As for economic growth to take place, one has to be able to perform an “economic activity” which creates “value” such as in manufacturing camera slings.  Second, since we operate in a capitalistic market place, competition is key to control price and drive affordability.  It is here that the current patent laws which are undermining our ability to grow our economy as it has grown to broad in nature and in power.  As just think of the commercial power which is wheeled by the US Patent Office, as while it may appear to be an obscure governmental organization.  It in fact has the power to make or break the US Economy as well as that for most of the free world.

As please keep in mind this is only one example of the failures of the system, and its also worth keeping in mind that “averaging” doesn’t apply as in most cases where for each failure, one missed equals out.  As the original intent of the patent system was never to create monopolies, instead it was to encourage investment and growth.  However in its current state, if there is one thing Mr. Obama could do to spur “job growth”, it would be to force an over haul of the current patent system stricter rules, as well as liberalizing the basis and application of prior art, as it can’t get any simpler then this…